Child psychology, often called developmental psychology, is the scientific study of a child’s psychological profile as he or she grows up.
Developmental psychology’s scope starts from infancy to post-pubescent young adults.
Some psychologists prefer to study the psychological development of children up until adulthood and old age, to act as a form of comparison to the psychological development of a child early on.
Everyone knows that children have a very different mindset from adults.
A child’s behaviors are still being molded, but there are some inherent behaviors that already manifest themselves from birth.
A child’s early development is also largely reliant on the sense of touch, so putting them in a school with daycare playground gear can help them build their motor skills.
Being able to touch different things at a playground will allow them to learn more about the world, while simultaneously building their social skills with other children.
If you allow children to play freely, you will notice that they will quickly form cliques even without adult interference.
Child development, and all human development is a mix of genetic and environmental variables.
A child’s psyche is greatly affected by its environment as well as natural instincts and inborn behaviors.
Here are some of the major subjects that child psychologists discuss. It is a wide field with many subcategories.
Prenatal development discusses how children develop before birth and what aspects will influence their personality.
Genetics plays a large role in this, but oftentimes, the mother’s activities and diet affect the child’s mental development after birth.
Many child psychologists study a child’s environment including how a child was raised and what kind of environment they are surrounded with during their developmental stages.
Children who grow up in abusive homes for example, tend to exhibit anxiety disorders and mental disorders as they grow up.
A child’s cognitive development is how they perceive and understand the world. Psychologists agree that children have about for stages of cognitive development, each with their own purpose.
For example, the first stage is the sensorimotor stage, which is the stage that toddlers are in. At this stage, they understand the world purely in colours, and have a tendency to rely a lot on touch and taste.
People have varying personalities and they are developed early on.
In fact, studies show that a child’s personality remains constant as early on as 6 years old. Of course, traumatic experiences and other external factors can still affect a child’s personality as they grow.
Children’s sexual development is also studied by many child psychologists.
From an early age, children already understand the difference between male and female, and even sexual orientation can be predicted early in a child.
The onset of puberty is when sexuality takes center stage, as both physical and psychological changes occur.
Child psychology has many more subsets and there are experts in every field. Child psychology tells us what makes children tick.